Biomedical and Biological Engineering | Article | Published 2009-07-01

Linkage disequilibrium based association mapping of fiber quality traits in G. hirsutum L. variety germplasm

Authors:

Jonnie N Jenkins

Zabardast T Buriev

Shukhrat E Shermatov

Brain E Scheffler

Alan E Pepper

Z Yu John

Russell J Kohel

Sukumar Saha

Abdusattor Abdukarimov

Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Collection: Genetica
Keywords: Genomics and bioinformatics

Abstract

Cotton is the world’s leading cash crop, but it lags behind other major crops for marker-assisted breeding due to limited polymorphisms and a genetic bottleneck through historic domestication. This underlies a need for characterization, tagging, and utilization of existing natural polymorphisms in cotton germplasm collections. Here we report genetic diversity, population characteristics, the extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD), and association mapping of fiber quality traits using 202 microsatellite marker primer pairs in 335 G. hirsutum germplasm grown in two diverse environments, Uzbekistan and Mexico. At the significance threshold (r 2 ≥ 0.1), a genome-wide average of LD extended up to genetic distance of 25 cM in assayed cotton variety accessions. Genome wide LD at r 2 ≥ 0.2 was reduced to ~5–6 cM, providing evidence of the potential for association mapping of …

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