Environmental and Ecological Engineering | Article | Published 2008-03-01
The physical–chemical peculiarity of soil rock formations is one of the leading factors determining diversity and abundance of soil biota. The main aim of the present research was to study soil microbial and free-living nematode abundance and diversity on different soil rock formations (basalt, sandstone, limestone, granite and gypsum) of the Makhtesh Ramon erosional cirque. The obtained results showed the strong effect of soil features of different soil formations on microbial biomass and respiration as well as on the soil free-living nematode communities and its trophic and species composition. The SorensonCzenkanowski similarity index indicated significant differences between soil properties as well as between soil biota in observed soil formations. The qCO2, which is known to increase according to the level of environmental stress, reached maximal values in the sandstone soil formation. The values of ecological indices such as Simpson’s dominance index, maturity index and modification and species richness pointed to a specific ecological condition in the studied soil formations dependent on low content of an essential soil matter as soil moisture, organic matter and cations.